What is Addiction?
Addiction is a complex condition which involves biological, physiological, psychological and behavioral aspects. The definition of addiction is supported by 2 behaviors:
– Failure to control the use of substance or substances
– Continued use of substances despite their harmful, sometimes even fatal consequences
However defining addiction is hard enough, diagnosing can be even tougher. In some cases the diagnosis of addiction is pretty straightforward, for example: a drug addict who commits theft to support his or her addiction. However the mere use of substances even in excess is not alone enough to diagnose addiction there have to be behavioral factors to be looked at.
Most of the time addiction closely resembles “dependence on something” due to the way the brain starts functioning. This type of behavior is shown as development of tolerance and withdrawal symptoms followed by loss of control which points to the increase in cravings.
Successful addiction treatment is thought and practiced as complete abstinence from mood-changing chemicals. But a study revealed that ex-alcoholics successfully returned to social drinking and able to control their previous addiction. However until the distinction between alcohol abuse and dependence on it is made with certainty it is better to recommend total abstinence.
Most people look at addiction as a disgrace and addicts are often looked upon as unreliable, irresponsible and self-centered. On the other hand addiction is viewed as a complicated physical and psychological disorder. Addiction is usually viewed as a chronic and potentially fatal problem that actually can be treated with proper conditions.
Addiction can be a brain disorder that some people might develop due to genetic, psychological or even environmental risk factors. One of the ways to approach addiction is to look at the brain disorder as something that can’t be separated from morality and your personal responsibility. You must seek help to recover and be willing to accept responsibility for your choices.