Depressant Drugs: Drug addiction

Depressant drugs

What are Depressants?

Drugs, that induce sleep and sedation, can also become addictive.  This is the case of too much dependence on sedating drugs like barbiturates and benzodiazepines.

The mechanism of this drug is to work on the central nervous system where most of the neural function occurs.  This works by reducing the neurotransmitters known as gamma-aminobutric acid or GABA.  By lessening GABA, brain activities will become minimal and thus makes an individual a state of hypo activity.

Depressants are usually administered to those who are suffering from any types of anxiety disorders or to those who are insomniac who were in a state of hyperactivity.  By lessening the GABA neurotransmitter, patients with anxiety disorders will eventually calm down and relaxed.

While these can be helpful to some patients with anxiety disorders, here is a tendency for an individual to become dependent on the drugs. Individuals, who have been taking depressants for a long time, are susceptible to drug dependency.  For this reason, any stoppage of its in-take can cause withdrawal symptoms which will put the health of such individual into jeopardy.

Here are some signs and symptoms on dependence on these drugs:

* Sleepiness
* garbled speech
* Poor coordination
* Poor Memory
* Confused
* Deep breathing and
* Low blood pressure
* Vertigo
* Depression

When an individual spotted these signs and symptoms of drug dependence, it is always advised to see a physician.  Persons who have these must be treated with medical supervision as the case of depressant dependence is very much sensitive and life threatening.

Signs and symptoms

Other types of drugs which affect the central nervous system are the stimulants.  Unlike the depressants which inhibits the neurotransmitters, stimulants works in other way.  It stimulates the brain making an individual hyperactive.

Stimulant addicts are described as very much confident and at the same time with their hyperactivity, they tend to do things which are not socially acceptable.
Its euphoric effect on the individual can result to drug dependence.  This would make an individual to have withdrawal symptoms in the event that such drug where not being taken.

Drugs which are considered stimulants include amphetamines, methamphetamine, cocaine and methylphenidate or Ritalin. A person who has become dependent to these drugs may have the following signs and symptoms:

* Ecstatic state
* Loss of Appetite
* Speaking Fast
* Can be easily irritated
* Agitated
* Nasal congestion
* Unable to sleep
* Significant loss of weight
* Increasing blood pressure
* Distrustful

Drug dependents that will undergo treatment are advised not to take any forms of stimulants which include caffeine.  However, rehabilitation for stimulants is not so much a life threatening to an individual.  Individuals who would undergo treatment might have a tendency to be depressed. This would become a problem to those who have a suicidal tendency.  Likewise, such cases must be supervised by physician.

Physicians can also prescribed depressants for those who cannot cope with the hyperactivity. Although one can easily cope with stimulant dependence, however, one should keep from taking these drugs as the craving for those will remain for a longer period of time.